Compressor wheel anatomy
This is the front most part of the compressor wheel, facing the incoming air. Its shape and design direct the air onto the wheel’s blades, helping to reduce turbulence and ensuring a smooth airflow.
The hub is the central part of the component and connects to the turbo shaft. In effect, it is the anchor point for the blades and is essential for transferring rotational energy from the shaft to the blades.
The blade root attaches the base of each blade to the hub. To enable the compressor wheel to achieve high rotational speeds, blade roots are designed to withstand significant applied force and are crucial in ensuring consistent airflow and preventing blade damage.
The exducer is the point at which the compressed air exits the wheel on its way to the intercooler and intake manifold. In most cases it represents the longest diameter of the wheel and is essential for controlling the flow of pressurized air.
Splitter blades are smaller blades situated between the main blades of the compressor wheel. Their main role is to improve the wheel’s aerodynamic efficiency by reducing turbulence and enhancing air compression.
The back disc is the flat, circular portion of the component situated below the blades. It is important for wheel stability and provides a surface for the balancing cuts. A well-balanced compressor wheel is essential to minimize vibrations and ensure smooth operation.
The main blades are the primary components responsible for compressing incoming air. Their shape, angle and size are carefully engineered to maximize airflow and pressure increase. They play a central role in the overall efficiency of the component.
The inducer is located just behind the nose and its role is to capture and accelerate incoming air. The design of the inducer is critical as it directly affects the wheel’s ability to draw in and compress air effectively.
Balance cuts, also known as balance holes, are precision cuts made in the back disc and the nose. These cuts are strategically placed to prevent excessive vibration and bearing wear in the turbocharger, which can lead to premature failure.